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‘Just in case’: if and only if?

2 minute read

The prevailing view in North American philosophical writing seems to be that the phrase ‘just in case’ can be translated into the phrase ‘if and only if’. C...

Marcus Aurelius: The Character of Antoninus

3 minute read

In Book 6 of his Meditations, Marcus Aurelius makes some remarks about the character of Antoninus Pius, his predecessor as Emperor of Rome, and his adoptive ...

Sextus Empiricus: No Definition of Man

3 minute read

In Book I of his traditionally-titled Against the Logicians (Book VII of Adversus Mathematicos), Sextus Empiricus presents a critique of how past philosopher...

Lucretius on Matter and the Void

3 minute read

In Book I of On the Nature of Things[1], Lucretius provides arguments for the existence of two main things that exist: matter and the void. Further, he argue...

Leibniz: The Best of All Possible Worlds

3 minute read

According to Leibniz, the actual world is the best of all possible worlds. He outlines a simple argument for this conclusion in The Monadology, §§53-55. The ...

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